Gary Tom

San Francisco Community College District, San Francisco 1977 - Present and 1972
Dean, Alemany Campus
Director, Affirmative Action Office
Associate Director, Office of the Vice President
Assistant Director, Allied Health Training Programs
Assistant Director, Chinatown/ North Beach Campus
Assistant Director, John O'Connell Campus
Coordinator, Veterans Educational Incentive Program
Office of the Mayor, San Francisco,
Principal Planner and Chief Monitor, Office of Employment and Training, 1975 - 1977
Coro Foundation, Fellow 1974
United States Civil Rights Office, Washington, D.C., Program Policy Specialist 1973

Funding cycles in ABE and job training.
Excerpt from an interview with:
February 29, and March 15, 1996
San Francisco, California

Gary, what's the relationship between basic ed. and job training?

When you say "basic ed.," you're talking about native-born English speakers?

Either one.Either ABE or ESL

Yeah.Well, as I mentioned before, there are bridges like vocational ESL, but I think that we still need to concentrate on working with the training programs. There's a dichotomy here because, for instance, if you want to train someone to be a clerk-typist, to be marketable that person has to type 45 words a minute, correctly.And to ask an English as a second language person or a native-born ABE person with limited skills to do that, it takes extensive training. It's not an overnight situation. I think that problems with the federal and state funding is that they need to do something quick, and the quick fix does not work in the long run, because even if they got into the job, they may not be able to hold the job.

If they don't have a strong enough basic education.

Right, so we go back to basic education, which in reality takes a long time.If someone is non-literate, it will take them five to eight years to reach a point where they would have marketable … truly marketable skills.And we may turn out people with high school diplomas, but they still are not ready for jobs. So, to answer your question somewhat, there's a big gap between ABE and job training, that we're still struggling with even today.

Actually, I'm jumping forward a little bit, but in the re-authorization of the federal funds at this point, they're looking more and more towards job training with only limited amounts set aside for these pre-employment skills.

Yeah.To me, and this is my personal, individual perspective, training funds come in cycles, four-year cycles, depending on who gets elected.And that person has to show results within the four years or he or she doesn't get reelected.So we're caught in this problem where, even if you found the money and allocate the money, it takes a year to develop the processes and programs to get it off the ground. It takes another year to get it to the community-based agencies or the public institutions.It takes another year of trial-and-error to find your way around, because nothing's perfect. By the [end of the] third year you're kind of on your way. Then the fourth year comes the reelection and we go through the same thing again if the individual is not reelected or if the party is not reelected.And so we're caught in this short-term answers for long-term problems.